News and Information about Africa, Human Rights Abuses in Africa, Africa issues and problems, Africa countries, Africa Latest News, UK's Policy in Africa and UK-Africa Politics and Relations, e.g. UK's Proxy Wars in Africa: The Case of Rwanda and D.R. Congo
The U.N. Security Council on Monday imposed an arms embargo on the M23 and FDLR rebel groups in an attempt to quell fighting in Congo's conflict-wracked eastern region.
The council committee monitoring sanctions against Congo also imposed a travel ban and financial freeze on the assets of two M23 leaders —the rebel group's president Jean-Marie Runiga and one of its military commanders, Lt. Col. Eric Badege.
The council acted on New Year's Eve, a day before Rwanda joins the U.N.'s most powerful body for a two-year term. The sanctions needed approval by all 15 council members.
U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice welcomed the unanimous agreement saying the United States believes the new sanctions "will directly help advance the goal of a sustainable peace" in eastern Congo.
"We urge the rank and file of both the M23 and the FDLR to defect and demobilize in order to disassociate themselves from the sanctioned groups," Rice said in a statement.
Both rebel groups have their origins in the scars left by Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
The M23 are fighters mainly from the Tutsi ethnic group that was targeted for extermination during the genocide and are believed to be backed by Rwanda. The Rwandan government denies any support.
Made up of hundreds of soldiers who deserted the Congolese army in April, the M23 rebels have taken control of many villages and towns in the mineral-rich east since then and briefly held the key eastern city of Goma before withdrawing several weeks ago. They have since taken steps toward negotiating with the Congolese government but residents in Goma said about 10 days ago that the M23 and other armed fighters were positioning themselves in an around the city.
The perpetrators of the 1994 Rwanda genocide were from the Hutu ethnic group who fled across the border and took refuge in the jungles of eastern Congo. Their leaders regrouped under the banner of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, or FDLR.
Hutu extremist fighters from the FDLR have used Congo as a base to try to take back Rwanda. Numerous reports indicate that the FDLR is tacitly backed by Congo, which wanted to use them as a buffer against Rwanda.
Rice said the international community remains deeply concerned about the rapidly deteriorating security and humanitarian crisis in eastern Congo due to ongoing military activities of the M23.
She called the sanctions against the FLDR "a critical step toward ending impunity and advancing peace," noting that for years the FDLR has committed atrocities against civilians.
SUMMARY : THE TRAGIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE BRITISH BUDGET SUPPORT AND GEO-STRATEGIC AMBITIONS
United Kingdom's Proxy Wars in Africa: The Case of Rwanda and DR Congo: The Rwandan genocide and 6,000,000 Congolese and Hutu refugees killed are the culminating point of a long UK’s battle to expand their influence to the African Great Lakes Region. UK supported Kagame’s guerrilla war by providing military support and money. The UK refused to intervene in Rwanda during the genocide to allow Kagame to take power by military means that triggered the genocide. Kagame’s fighters and their families were on the Ugandan payroll paid by UK budget support. · 4 Heads of State assassinated in the francophone African Great Lakes Region. · 2,000,000 people died in Hutu and Tutsi genocides in Rwanda, Burundi and RD.Congo. · 600,000 Hutu refugees killed in R.D.Congo, Uganda, Central African Republic and Rep of Congo. · 6,000,000 Congolese dead. · 8,000,000 internal displaced people in Rwanda, Burundi and DR. Congo. · 500,000 permanent Rwandan and Burundian Hutu refugees, and Congolese refugees around the world. · English language expansion to Rwanda to replace the French language. · 20,000 Kagame’s fighters paid salaries from the British Budget Support from 1986 to present. · £500,000 of British taxpayer’s money paid, so far, to Kagame and his cronies through the budget support, SWAPs, Tutsi-dominated parliament, consultancy, British and Tutsi-owned NGOs. · Kagame has paid back the British aid received to invade Rwanda and to strengthen his political power by joining the East African Community together with Burundi, joining the Commonwealth, imposing the English Language to Rwandans to replace the French language; helping the British to establish businesses and to access to jobs in Rwanda, and to exploit minerals in D.R.Congo.
Thousands of Hutu murdered by Kagame inside Rwanda, e.g. Kibeho massacres
Kagame killed 200,000 Hutus from all regions of the country, the elderly and children who were left by their relatives, the disabled were burned alive. Other thousands of people were killed in several camps of displaced persons including Kibeho camp. All these war crimes remain unpunished.The British news reporters were accompanying Kagame’s fighters on day-by-day basis and witnessed these massacres, but they never reported on this.
25,000 Hutu bodies floated down River Akagera into Lake Victoria in Uganda.
The British irrational, extremist, partisan,biased, one-sided media and politicians have disregarded Kagame war crimes e.g. the Kibeho camp massacres, massacres of innocents Hutu refugees in DR. Congo. The British media have been supporting Kagame since he invaded Rwanda by organising the propaganda against the French over the Rwandan genocide, suppressing the truth about the genocide and promoting the impunity of Kagame and his cronies in the African Great Lakes Region. For the British, Rwanda does not need democracy, Rwanda is the African Israel; and Kagame and his guerilla fighters are heroes.The extremist British news reporters including Fergal Keane, Chris Simpson, Chris McGreal, Mark Doyle, etc. continue to hate the Hutus communities and to polarise the Rwandan society.
Kagame political ambitions triggered the genocide.
Kagame’s guerrilla war was aimed at accessing to power at any cost. He rejected all attempts and advice that could stop his military adventures including the cease-fire, political negotiations and cohabitation, and UN peacekeeping interventions. He ignored all warnings that could have helped him to manage the war without tragic consequences. Either you supported Kagame’ s wars and you are now his friend, or you were against his wars and you are his enemy. Therefore, Kagame as the Rwandan strong man now, you have to apologise to him for having been against his war and condemned his war crimes, or accept to be labelled as having been involved in the genocide. All key Kagame’s fighters who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity are the ones who hold key positions in Rwandan army and government for the last 15 years. They continue to be supported and advised by the British including Tony Blair, Andrew Mitchell MP, and the British army senior officials.
Aid that kills: The British Budget Support financed Museveni and Kagame’s wars in Rwanda and DRC.
Genocide propaganda and fabrications are used by the so-called British scholars, news reporters and investigative journalists to promote their CVs and to get income out of the genocide through the selling of their books, providing testimonies against the French, access to consultancy contracts from the UN and Kagame, and participation in conferences and lectures in Rwanda, UK and internationally about genocide. Genocide propaganda has become a lucrative business for Kagame and the British. Anyone who condemned or did not support Kagame’s war is now in jail in Rwanda under the gacaca courts system suuported by British tax payer's money, or his/she is on arrest warrant if he/she managed to flee the Kagame’s regime. Others have fled the country and are still fleeing now. Many others Rwandans are being persecuted in their own country. Kagame is waiting indefinitely for the apologies from other players who warn him or who wanted to help to ensure that political negotiations take place between Kagame and the former government he was fighting against. Britain continues to supply foreign aid to Kagame and his cronies with media reports highlighting economic successes of Rwanda. Such reports are flawed and are aimed at misleading the British public to justify the use of British taxpayers’ money. Kagame and his cronies continue to milk British taxpayers’ money under the British budget support. This started from 1986 through the British budget support to Uganda until now.
Dictator Kagame: No remorse for his unwise actions and ambitions that led to the Rwandan genocide.
No apologies yet to the Rwandan people. The assassination of President Juvenal Habyarimana by Kagame was the only gateway for Kagame to access power in Rwanda. The British media, politicians, and the so-called British scholars took the role of obstructing the search for the truth and justice; and of denying this assassination on behalf of General Kagame. General Paul Kagame has been obliging the whole world to apologise for his mistakes and war crimes. The UK’s way to apologise has been pumping massive aid into Rwanda's crony government and parliement; and supporting Kagame though media campaigns.
Fanatical, partisan, suspicious, childish and fawning relations between UK and Kagame
Kagame receives the British massive aid through the budget support, British excessive consultancy, sector wide programmes, the Tutsi-dominated parliament, British and Tutsi-owned NGOs; for political, economic and English language expansion to Rwanda. The British aid to Rwanda is not for all Rwandans. It is for Kagame himself and his Tutsi cronies.