16 Apr 2014

[AfricaWatch] Rwanda: How Musician Mihigo Plotted to Overthrow Kagame


INVESTIGATION: How Musician Mihigo Plotted to Overthrow Kagame

In 1994 when the Hutu militia were beheading the Tutsis and disembowelling expectant mothers in Rwanda, Kizito Mihigo was only 13 years-old.

Kizito Mihigo has since confessed conspiring to overthrow President Kagame's government
Kizito Mihigo has since confessed conspiring to overthrow President Kagame's government

Kibeho in Nyaruguru District was the site of the mass murder of students from Marie Merci School.  Hundreds were slaughtered in churches.

In one church in Kibeho, the Interahamwe threw grenades and asphyxiated victims with smoke from outside.

The French-led Operation Turquoise, which provided a safe haven for genocidaires' transit into neighbouring Zaire after the end of the genocide, meant that Kibeho became a stronghold of the Interahamwe until the Rwanda Patriotic Front liberated the area in 1995.

It's here that Augustin Buguzi, the father of Rwanda's most popular musician, Mihigo, was killed by the Interahamwe.

 Having been brought up in a Catholic Christian educational environment, Mihigo started composing songs at the age of 9.

Five years later, when he was a secondary school student at the Petit Seminaire de Butare, he became the most popular liturgical organist composer in the Catholic Church of Rwanda.

The slaying of his father emboldened the talented musician to release more songs to soothe the hearts of the genocide survivors and encourage reconciliation in a country torn apart by unprecedented levels of bloodshed.

The tragedy further inspired the young musician to become the organist-singer-author and composer of the most popular songs in Rwanda.

A year after the genocide, Mihigo composed hundreds of liturgical compositions which were rapidly exploited in several parishes in Rwanda.

At the age of 19 in 2000, Mihigo was already author and composer of over 200 liturgical songs, sung in all the parishes of Rwanda.

In 2003, noticed by the authorities of the country, he was sent to Europe to follow his music studies.

In 2008, Mihigo's star continued to shine. He received the postgraduate diploma (DFE) at the "Conservatoire de Musique in Paris".

From 2008-2010, after his graduation, he was a music teacher in Belgium.

In 2010 he founded the KMP (Kizito Mihigo for Peace) a non-profit foundation with the mission of using Art in peace building.

In 2011, Imbuto Foundation, the organization of the First Lady of Rwanda, handed Mihigo the price CYRWA (Cerebrating Young Rwandan Achievers), in recognition of his artistic activities for Peace and Reconciliation.

The plot

Early this year, something strange, shocking and unbelievable happened.

As part of their operations aimed at enhancing security for heads-of-state and other high profile dignitaries at events held to commemorate 20 years after genocide, Rwanda security agencies intercepted messages where three individuals were planning to oust or kill President Paul Kagame.

Among them was Mihigo, a musician whose songs had played a pivotal role in healing the nation.

Chimpreports investigations show that due to his nationwide popularity, Mihigo was last year recruited by the opposition Rwanda National Congress (RNC) which recently joined hands with FDLR to overthrow Kagame's government.

According to messages intercepted by security, Mihigo explains why he would want to see the overthrow of the government.

On March 10, Mihigo told RNC leader Callixte Nsabimana, alias Sankara, in Kinyarwanda: "Ariko rero mon ami, jyewe numva rwose mubonyeu buryo mukuraho Rwbujindiri hatabaye intambara, byaba byiza kurushaho (But my friend, I think if you could find a way to remove the leaders without war, it would be even better.)"

This implied that all along Mihigo knew of the plot to overthrow the President by means of war.

In response, Sankara said "At this point, war is inevitable because he (President Kagame) cannot agree to negotiations."

This website understands these messages will be tendered as evidence when Mihigo appears in court next week.

During the conversation with Sankara, Mihigo sent another message: "Isn't there a way to force him? Or why don't we kill him (Kagame) only?" The RNC official answered, "We have to get ready to strike with force, take over one province fast, rally external powers and have them come between us to force negotiations."

Mihigo responded: "Numva aricyo Imana yandemeye," meaning, "I think it's God's calling for me."

Investigators who have been trying to establish Mihigo's motives say he saw in himself potential to obtain a huge position in government if the RPF system crumbled.

"Mihigo was not motivated by money but hunger for power," said a source who preferred anonymity so as to speak freely.

As Mihigo and Sankara planned Kagame's overthrow, a lady indentified as Agnes Niyibizi was carrying money to Jean Paul Dukuzumuremyi, a demobilised soldier to plant explosives which would bring down the towering Kigali City Tower (KCT).

Police quickly moved into action, seizing Dukuzumuremyi.

According to Rwanda National Police spokesperson, ACP Damas Gatare, the law enforcement body is "in possession of ample evidence including grenades and testimonies obtained from other accomplices arrested during the course of investigation."

The cache of grenades was found in Dukuzumuremyi's possession.

Mihigo's messianic ambitions were later confirmed in a conversation with Sankara on March 11.

Sankara told the musician: "Igihugu cyawe kigutezeho kugicungura urubyiruko rwabahutu nabatutsi rukeneye ko uhagarara hagati kugirango ejo hazaza ibara ritazongera kugwa (Your country is waiting for you to save it. Hutu youth and Tutsi are waiting for you to stand up for them to ensure that tragedy never happens again."

Mihigo responded: "Numva aricyo Imana yandemeye (I think it's god's calling for me)"

BBC Journalist's Involvement

Investigators would later land on precious evidence before executing Mihigo's arrest.

On March 11, Sankara told Mihigo of a plan to secure the latter's stay in London after releasing a series of songs backing the overthrow of Kagame's government.

"I was speaking to Venuste Nshimiyimana, a journalist from BBC London who is a friend," said Sankara.

"I was telling him about your song and the bad reaction people have had. Why don't you let him get you an invitation from BBC so you can get a UK visa? You can go there instead of Belgium."

At the time, Mihigo had just released a controversial song titled "Igisobanuro cyurupfu (the meaning of death.)"

In the song, Mihigo talks about a possible double genocide and insinuates there are people who retaliated for those killed in genocide.

Mihigo expressed willingness to travel to London. "Brother, I am in," the singer told Sankara.

The RNC official also showed Sankara the message he had received from journalist Nshimiyimana.

It read: "Reka nkwereke msg anyohereje. "Umubaze azaze anyure kuri BBC TV and radio. Bamukorera PR atigeze abona mbere (Let me show you the message he has sent. "Ask him to come and be on BBC TV and Radio. They will give him the kind of PR he has never seen."

Asked whether he would be available for the TV interview on April 7, Mihigo answered: "With pleasure."

Rwandan authorities did not wait for Mihigo to appear on BBC. He was arrested and incarcerated.


In his conversation with Sankara, Mihigo exhibits distaste for Edouard Bamporiki, Rwanda's youngest legislator in the Chamber of Deputies.

"Bro, the way Hutu admire me is the same way Tutsi hate me, but especially that Hutu called Bamporiki who pretends to be more Tutsi than Tutsis," said the jailed musician.

Boasting of a network of hit men in Rwanda, Sankara tells Mihigo: "If you want, I can tell the youth that work there to 'punish' him. Two weeks and it will be done."

He adds: "Iriya mbwa nasabye abasore banjye gukemura ikibazo cyabo (That dog, I have asked our men to solve this problem."

On March 13, Mihigo said he would be thankful for the elimination of Bamporiki.

He told Sankara: "The day you plan to 'solve the problem', tell me so I can delete you number (it's ok I know it by heart). I will then go share a meal with some people so that I have people vouching for me in case they say that I am the one responsible for killing him. It will be true justice because when the State does not know how to give justice and instead expedites injustice, people must do it on their own."

Tanzania's role

In a boastful tone, Sankara promised: "Brother, I am with one of my superiors. Leave that problem to me and blame me if it is not solved. Because there, except for pk (Paul Kagame) who is difficult, all the others would not live to see the next day if I decide. Delete these messages."

A day later, Sankara exposed the role of Tanzania in attempts to overthrow Kagame's government.

He said plans had been finalised for RNC-FDLR to officially declare war on Rwanda.

An entire province would fall in the hands of rebels after which world bodies would be urged to intervene and force Kagame to the negotiating table.

Rwanda maintains it will not discuss with anyone linked to the genocide. The FDLR's leaders were responsible for the 1994 mass slaughter in Rwanda.

During the war against the M23 rebels in eastern Congo, Tanzanian forces reportedly armed the FDLR militia to battle Brig Sultan Makenga's fighters.

The Tanzanian contingent operated heavy artillery, bombing M23 bases from a very long distance.

South Africa, the home to RNC top leadership, provided the necessary airpower that pounded M23's positions, with many of the combatants fleeing to neighbouring Uganda and Rwanda.

The defeat of M23 removed the buffer zone that protected Rwanda from FDLR.  

Initially, Rwanda was opposed to the use of force against M23, saying a political solution was vital for the peace and stability of eastern Congo.

On March 14, Sankara told Mihigo he was in company of "someone who is supposed to help our group with where we are will make our declaration. Tanzania is ready to help us, give us full security and help us by all means."

Mihigo asked, "when would that be?" the RNC official responded: "April."


On the same day, Mihigo stated: "That's too soon. I am looking for a way to leave first. Because that is where I will be able to release the two other songs I have prepared and whatever happens, I have to do it during the Commemoration period."

He further told Sankara: "My brother, just wait until I leave this land and you will see. They will talk about me and I will reply in a way that will transform people."

"The important thing is that you hide. Take out your battery and find another phone," Sankara advised the musician.


"Ahubwo se ubwo ninkuramo batterie ntibashobora kumva ko hari icyo nikeka icyaha kikampama kandi bashoboraga kubura preuve? (But if I take out my battery, won't they think I am guilty when they could have ended up with no proof?" wondered Sankara. 

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[RwandaLibre] Fw: *DHR* Rwanda: how Kizito Mihigo planned to gain power through terror


----- Forwarded Message -----
From: Agnès Murebwayire <agnesmurebwayire@yahoo.fr>
To: "Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr" <Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr>
Sent: Wednesday, 16 April 2014, 15:48
Subject: *DHR* Rwanda: how Kizito Mihigo planned to gain power through terror


Edwin Musoni - The New Times - allafrica.com, April 16, 2015


What the evidence shows:

During his handover from the Rwanda National Police to National Prosecution, yesterday, Kizito admitted to charges of working with the FDLR, a terrorist group based in DR Congo, and Rwanda National Congress (RNC), a South Africa-based organisation founded by Rwandan fugitives.

Both FDLR and RNC have been linked to grenade attacks in the country. When he joined, Kizito was assigned the task of mobilising and recruiting fellow youth into the terrorist organisations. According to a reliable source involved with the case, part of the terror plot involved assassinating at least four senior officials in government, parliament and security agencies.

The other plan was to blow up the city's tallest building - Kigali City Tower (KCT). The planned attacks were being coordinated by one of Kizito's co-accused, Dukuzumuremyi.

Upon his arrest, Dukuzumuremyi was found in possession of six hand grenades which, according to Police, were to be used in the attacks. His reward for the attack on KCT was Rwf3 million of which he is said to have received an advance payment of 10 per cent that was delivered by Niyibizi, the cash courier.

The source also revealed a plan to overthrow the Rwandan government using the FDLR militia, principally made up of the perpetrators of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda in which over a million people were slaughtered.

Kizito, as the lead youth mobiliser, was to fly to one European country, from where he would record a declaration supporting the violent overthrow of government. The 'declaration process' was being coordinated by senior RNC member Callixte Nsabimana, alias Sankara.

It is alleged that Kizito was identified to be the face of the 'declaration' because of his popularity as an artiste. Kizito told reporters that his motivation for being part of the operations was that he believed he would be given a leadership position with a change of government.

The suspects are scheduled to appear in court next week when prosecution is expected to present its evidence that includes electronic communication containing the details of the said operations.

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United Kingdom's Proxy Wars in Africa: The Case of Rwanda and DR Congo:

The Rwandan genocide and 6,000,000 Congolese and Hutu refugees killed are the culminating point of a long UK’s battle to expand their influence to the African Great Lakes Region. UK supported Kagame’s guerrilla war by providing military support and money. The UK refused to intervene in Rwanda during the genocide to allow Kagame to take power by military means that triggered the genocide. Kagame’s fighters and their families were on the Ugandan payroll paid by UK budget support.

· 4 Heads of State assassinated in the francophone African Great Lakes Region.
· 2,000,000 people died in Hutu and Tutsi genocides in Rwanda, Burundi and RD.Congo.
· 600,000 Hutu refugees killed in R.D.Congo, Uganda, Central African Republic and Rep of Congo.
· 6,000,000 Congolese dead.
· 8,000,000 internal displaced people in Rwanda, Burundi and DR. Congo.
· 500,000 permanent Rwandan and Burundian Hutu refugees, and Congolese refugees around the world.
· English language expansion to Rwanda to replace the French language.
· 20,000 Kagame’s fighters paid salaries from the British Budget Support from 1986 to present.
· £500,000 of British taxpayer’s money paid, so far, to Kagame and his cronies through the budget support, SWAPs, Tutsi-dominated parliament, consultancy, British and Tutsi-owned NGOs.
· Kagame has paid back the British aid received to invade Rwanda and to strengthen his political power by joining the East African Community together with Burundi, joining the Commonwealth, imposing the English Language to Rwandans to replace the French language; helping the British to establish businesses and to access to jobs in Rwanda, and to exploit minerals in D.R.Congo.

Thousands of Hutu murdered by Kagame inside Rwanda, e.g. Kibeho massacres

Thousands of Hutu murdered by Kagame inside Rwanda, e.g. Kibeho massacres
Kagame killed 200,000 Hutus from all regions of the country, the elderly and children who were left by their relatives, the disabled were burned alive. Other thousands of people were killed in several camps of displaced persons including Kibeho camp. All these war crimes remain unpunished.The British news reporters were accompanying Kagame’s fighters on day-by-day basis and witnessed these massacres, but they never reported on this.

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25,000 Hutu bodies floated down River Akagera into Lake Victoria in Uganda.

25,000  Hutu bodies  floated down River Akagera into Lake Victoria in Uganda.
The British irrational, extremist, partisan,biased, one-sided media and politicians have disregarded Kagame war crimes e.g. the Kibeho camp massacres, massacres of innocents Hutu refugees in DR. Congo. The British media have been supporting Kagame since he invaded Rwanda by organising the propaganda against the French over the Rwandan genocide, suppressing the truth about the genocide and promoting the impunity of Kagame and his cronies in the African Great Lakes Region. For the British, Rwanda does not need democracy, Rwanda is the African Israel; and Kagame and his guerilla fighters are heroes.The extremist British news reporters including Fergal Keane, Chris Simpson, Chris McGreal, Mark Doyle, etc. continue to hate the Hutus communities and to polarise the Rwandan society.

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Kagame political ambitions triggered the genocide.

Kagame  political  ambitions triggered the genocide.
Kagame’s guerrilla war was aimed at accessing to power at any cost. He rejected all attempts and advice that could stop his military adventures including the cease-fire, political negotiations and cohabitation, and UN peacekeeping interventions. He ignored all warnings that could have helped him to manage the war without tragic consequences. Either you supported Kagame’ s wars and you are now his friend, or you were against his wars and you are his enemy. Therefore, Kagame as the Rwandan strong man now, you have to apologise to him for having been against his war and condemned his war crimes, or accept to be labelled as having been involved in the genocide. All key Kagame’s fighters who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity are the ones who hold key positions in Rwandan army and government for the last 15 years. They continue to be supported and advised by the British including Tony Blair, Andrew Mitchell MP, and the British army senior officials.

Aid that kills: The British Budget Support financed Museveni and Kagame’s wars in Rwanda and DRC.

Aid that kills: The British Budget Support  financed Museveni and Kagame’s wars in Rwanda and DRC.
Genocide propaganda and fabrications are used by the so-called British scholars, news reporters and investigative journalists to promote their CVs and to get income out of the genocide through the selling of their books, providing testimonies against the French, access to consultancy contracts from the UN and Kagame, and participation in conferences and lectures in Rwanda, UK and internationally about genocide. Genocide propaganda has become a lucrative business for Kagame and the British. Anyone who condemned or did not support Kagame’s war is now in jail in Rwanda under the gacaca courts system suuported by British tax payer's money, or his/she is on arrest warrant if he/she managed to flee the Kagame’s regime. Others have fled the country and are still fleeing now. Many others Rwandans are being persecuted in their own country. Kagame is waiting indefinitely for the apologies from other players who warn him or who wanted to help to ensure that political negotiations take place between Kagame and the former government he was fighting against. Britain continues to supply foreign aid to Kagame and his cronies with media reports highlighting economic successes of Rwanda. Such reports are flawed and are aimed at misleading the British public to justify the use of British taxpayers’ money. Kagame and his cronies continue to milk British taxpayers’ money under the British budget support. This started from 1986 through the British budget support to Uganda until now.

Dictator Kagame: No remorse for his unwise actions and ambitions that led to the Rwandan genocide.

Dictator Kagame: No remorse for his unwise actions and ambitions that led to the  Rwandan genocide.
No apologies yet to the Rwandan people. The assassination of President Juvenal Habyarimana by Kagame was the only gateway for Kagame to access power in Rwanda. The British media, politicians, and the so-called British scholars took the role of obstructing the search for the truth and justice; and of denying this assassination on behalf of General Kagame. General Paul Kagame has been obliging the whole world to apologise for his mistakes and war crimes. The UK’s way to apologise has been pumping massive aid into Rwanda's crony government and parliement; and supporting Kagame though media campaigns.

Fanatical, partisan, suspicious, childish and fawning relations between UK and Kagame

Fanatical, partisan, suspicious, childish and fawning relations between UK and Kagame
Kagame receives the British massive aid through the budget support, British excessive consultancy, sector wide programmes, the Tutsi-dominated parliament, British and Tutsi-owned NGOs; for political, economic and English language expansion to Rwanda. The British aid to Rwanda is not for all Rwandans. It is for Kagame himself and his Tutsi cronies.

Paul Kagame' actvities as former rebel


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