The dictator Kagame at UN

The dictator Kagame at UN
Dictators like Kagame who have changed their national constitutions to remain indefinitely on power should not be involved in UN high level and global activities including chairing UN meetings

Why has the UN ignored its own report about the massacres of Hutu refugees in DRC ?

The UN has ignored its own reports, NGOs and media reports about the massacres of hundreds of thousands of Hutu in DRC Congo (estimated to be more than 400,000) by Kagame when he attacked Hutu refugee camps in Eastern DRC in 1996. This barbaric killings and human rights violations were perpetrated by Kagame’s RPF with the approval of UK and USA and with sympathetic understanding and knowledge of UNHCR and international NGOs which were operating in the refugees camps. According to the UN, NGO and media reports between 1993 and 2003 women and girls were raped. Men slaughtered. Refugees killed with machetes and sticks. The attacks of refugees also prevented humanitarian organisations to help many other refugees and were forced to die from cholera and other diseases. Other refugees who tried to return to Rwanda where killed on their way by RFI and did not reach their homes. No media, no UNHCR, no NGO were there to witness these massacres. When Kagame plans to kill, he makes sure no NGO and no media are prevent. Kagame always kills at night.

30 Jun 2015

[AfricaRealities.com] Fwd: Fw: Pambazuka News 732: Legislooters, axis of shevil and white terrorism

 





On Thursday, 25 June 2015, 17:20, Pambazuka Editor <editor@pambazuka.org> wrote:


PAMBAZUKA NEWS 732: LEGISLOOTERS, AXIS OF SHEVIL AND WHITE TERRORISM

The authoritative electronic weekly newsletter and platform for social justice in Africa

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Pambazuka News (English edition): ISSN 1753-6839

CONTENTS: 1. Features, 2. Announcements, 3. Comment & analysis, 4. Books & arts, 5. Jobs


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1 Features
BUHARI, 'LEGISLOOTERS' AND THE CHANGE AGENDA
Chido Onumah and Godwin Onyeacholem

Nigerian lawmakers will soon pocket $45 million as "wardrobe allowance." All that - and a lot more - in a country with a minimum wage of about $80 and where more than half the states have not paid workers for months. Pathological greed!
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95036
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THE AXIS OF SHEVIL: DOES AFRICA NEED GAYLE SMITH?
What do Gayle Smith, Wendy Sherman and Susan Rice have in common?
Alemayehu G. Mariam

Without the support of America's top women Smith, Sherman and Rice, many African dictators would not remain in power for a single day. Smith's appointment to head USAID is a boon to the despots.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95037
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THE ICC IS NOW AN INSTRUMENT OF IMPERIALISM
Motsoko Pheko

Former US President George W Bush and former British Prime Minister Tony Blair destroyed entire countries in their military adventurism. Yet they are free men enjoying their retirement without any fear of international justice. The ICC must have the substance and manifestation of justice and fairness.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95038
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HOW THE UN FAILS WHISTLEBLOWERS

Despite having clear policies to protect whistleblowers, the UN's internal system of justice hardly implements those policies. Some whistleblowers have been fired or demoted; others have been subjected to subtle forms of abuse like non-renewal of contracts or sudden transfer to distant duty stations. Many others have been forced to leave the world body to save their livelihoods, health and reputations.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95030
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EU'S MILITARY STRATEGY WILL INTENSIFY MEDITERRANEAN TRAGEDIES
Nizar Visram

Europe and NATO are responsible for the huge crisis of refugees attempting to enter Europe. Having destabilised other countries through militarism and plunder of resources, they are now converting the Mediterranean Sea into a mass grave for poor people fleeing the turmoil they created.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95033
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IDPS FACE INCREASING SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN MOGADISHU
Abdifatah Hasan Ali

Sexual violence remains one of the most pressing problems faced by the IDPs who live in insecure areas controlled by armed militias in the Somali capital. The rainy season has already started and those forcefully evicted by the government are once again suffering from the cold weather.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95022
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SOWETO DECLARATION
From the 5th Africa Unity for Renaissance Conference

This Declaration contains some of the salient ideas from delegates who hailed from across the continent, as well as from the rest of the world, to articulate what is required for the creation of a united, liberated, renascent and prosperous Africa.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95029
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US FOREIGN POLICY A REFLECTION OF RACISM AND NATIONAL OPPRESSION
Charleston massacre represents a long line of crimes against humanity that extend around the globe
Abayomi Azikiwe

Why is the American government constantly at war with one enemy or another abroad and at the same time failing to foster peace and stability inside the country? It has everything to do with US imperialist militarism around the world and systemic racism at home.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95027
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CLOSING THE HISTORICAL CIRCLE: WHITE TERRORISM AT EMANUEL AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
Ajamu Baraka

African Americans are slowly coming to the conclusion that it does not matter whether it is the streets of Baghdad or Ferguson: the non-white-other is the enemy who must be stopped.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/95024
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2 Announcements
FIRST CHRISTOPHER FREEMAN ANNUAL LECTURE

The first Freeman lecture will be held on 31 July 2015 in India. This year's theme is "Chris Freeman's Enduring Contributions to the Economics of Innovation."
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/announce/95031
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INVITATION TO APPLY: 2ND WEST AFRICA EXECUTIVE COURSE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND DRUG POLICY

The University of Ghana School of Law, in collaboration with the Open Society Global Drug Policy Program and Open Society Initiative for West Africa, is inviting applications for its intensive 6-day 2nd West Africa Executive Course on Human Rights and Drug Policy to be held at the University of Ghana, Legon between July 27 and 1 August, 2015.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/announce/94953
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3 Comment & analysis
LAND GRABS IN LIBERIA: THE PEOPLE RISE UP
Ali Kaba

The Liberian government's refusal to recognize and respect rural people's customary land rights is marginalizing and destabilizing local communities. The state has handed out millions of hectares to investors in recent years. Now emotions are flaring into full-scale conflict.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95023
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ENDING VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS AND ENSURING #JUSTICEFORGIRLS IN AFRICA
Kimberly Brown

Schools are places where girls should feel safe, supported and nurtured, rather than at risk of violence – particularly by teachers or school administrators, who owe them a particular duty of care.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95032
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ON THE STATE OF DEMOCRACY IN SOUTH AFRICA
Steven Friedman

South African democracy spans two very different worlds. In one, people complain loudly but enjoy full democratic rights – in the other, most remain unheard and battle for the right to speak. In both, life is difficult for those who do not conform.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95025
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GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO DO MORE FOR THE YOUTH
Oliver Meth and Gerard Boyce

As South Africa celebrates 39 years since the June 1976 Soweto Uprising, more needs to be done to ensure that young people are educated, employed and empowered.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95039
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DOUBLE TALK FROM WASHINGTON
Hama Tuma

America knows pretty well that the regime in Addis Ababa is dictatorial and repressive down to its core, but US officials will never say so openly. Ethiopia is an important ally for the pursuit of US interests in the region.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95026
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FROM CAPE TO CAIRO: AFRICA RISING WITH TRIPARTITE FREE TRADE AREA
Odomaro Mubangizi

The newly signed Tripartite Free Trade agreement bears great opportunities, especially in the areas of information technology, agriculture, social and intellectual capital. However, as with previous and future agreements its success depends highly on political will and stability in the countries involved.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95035
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SENATOR MEREDITH'S PROBLEMS ARE NOT A CROSS FOR THE AFRIKAN COMMUNITY TO BEAR
Ajamu Nangwaya

Politically aware members of the Afrikan Canadians should not be embarrassed by the alleged behaviour of a man who supports a capitalist system and the exploitation of the natural resources of Afrika by imperialist foreign interests.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/comment/95021
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4 Books & arts
DAMNED IF WE DON'T: AHJAMU R. UMI'S PRESCIENT LIBERATION LITERATURE
Michelle Renee Matisons

Umi communicates a straightforward political message: People have the right, even the duty, to defend themselves and their communities against racist terrorist violence. And white people should not sit by idly, but instead, join this struggle.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/books/95034
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5 Jobs
CAMPAIGNER - NIGERIA
Location:Nigeria, Various Type:Permanent Working Hours:35 Salary:Competitive
A I
Amnesty International

Amnesty International (AI) is establishing an office in Nigeria. We are seeking a proven expert on Nigeria, to lead on the development and implementation of campaigning strategies, and to manage and coordinate action on human rights concerns that ensures a lasting impact.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/95019
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FINANCE AND OFFICE MANAGER – NIGERIA
Location:Various, Nigeria Type:Permanent Working Hours:35 Salary:Competitive
A I
Amnesty International

Are you a fantastic accountant or office manager with a love of social justice? Then we want to hear from you! We are looking or talented individuals who share our passion for human rights and our desire to see positive change in Nigeria, to help grow our new office in Abuja.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/95018
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POSITION: GRANTS AND COMPLIANCE MANAGER
Location: Dakar, with regular international travel Deadline: 11 July 2015
TA
Trust Africa

The goal of the Grants and Compliance Manager is to ensure smooth running of TrustAfrica's grants administration and other compliance processes. S/he will maintain up to date grant records, ensure adherence to established industry standards and TrustAfrica's policies and procedures; provide periodic analysis of TrustAfrica grants for internal and external audiences and technical assistance to grantees on all TrustAfrica grants related policies and procedures.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/94937
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PRESS OFFICER - EAST AFRICA
Location:Nairobi Type:Permanent Working Hours:35 Salary:$68,699
A I
Amnesty International

This is a new post based in Nairobi that will take strategic ownership of Amnesty International's media strategy across East Africa, creating awareness of human rights as well as bolstering support for Amnesty International and shaping a better future for those in need. You will drive media coverage across national, regional and international media in order to promote Amnesty International's campaigning, research, advocacy and growth objectives. You will provide communications that help to develop the human rights agenda and raise awareness of Amnesty International's work in this important region.
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/jobs/95028
******




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[AfricaRealities.com] AFRICA NEWS

 


Making international trade work for the world's poorest

Over the past 25 years, an astounding one billion people have lifted themselves out of extreme poverty, reducing by more than half the number of those living in such deplorable conditions.

This is great work but we can do even better. In the next 15 years, we believe that international trade, which has boosted economic growth and improved access to new technologies and innovations, has played a significant role in reducing extreme poverty in the past, and it can do so in the future.

But while trade can lift economic growth, the poor do not automatically benefit from new trade opportunities. Many people simply face too many obstacles to benefit from increased trade.

Gender inequalities mean that women face a range of constraints that limit their ability to participate in trade. The rural poor are often isolated from markets and lack access to technologies like modern seeds and fertilisers that could boost their incomes. In times of economic downturns, workers in the informal sector often fall into poverty without any type of social safety net. And more than 40% of the extreme poor live in fragile and conflict-affected areas, creating a major hurdle for the poor to reap the gains from trade.

More :

 

http://www.theguardian.com/business/economics-blog/2015/jun/30/making-international-trade-work-for-the-worlds-poorest

 

Ending Poverty: There's an App for That!

Rural Africa presents changemakers with intractable challenges across sectors, but one American investor, Grameen Foundation, believes it all comes down to access to information. Grameen Foundation has invested millions to develop mobile-phone applications that leapfrog over a lack of electricity, education, and income.

Building on their legacy of leading-edge ideas, Grameen Foundation has evolved from funding microfinance to designing disruptive solutions to the kind of poverty that's most challenging to reach, in remote rural areas, and to the poorest of the poor. Since more people have access to cell phones than toilets in Africa, Grameen Foundation brings increased agricultural productivity, access to prenatal and infant healthcare, and a portfolio of financial services, to the poor--right into the palm of their hands.

I traveled to Africa with Grameen Foundation to see their real-time impact on the ground.

 

More :

 

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/suzanne-skees/ending-poverty-theres-an-_b_7682768.html


Health roundup: Vitamin D linked to healthy immune response to HIV, Penn State-South Africa study says

Already commonly prescribed for elderly men and women to keep their bones strong, vitamin D supplements also could be an easy and affordable way to fight serious infections like HIV, according to a recent study led by a Penn State anthropology professor.

Nina Jablonski, whose research includes skin pigmentation and vitamin D, launched the project and enlisted South African researchers and 100 young adults in Cape Town to study how levels of ultraviolet B radiation, vitamin D in the diet, genetics and skin pigment affect vitamin D in the blood. At the same time they tested whether vitamin D supplements could reverse deficiency and improve resistance to HIV. Results were published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

In the end, they found that by sorting out other factors of diet, genes and even skin color, personal sun exposure habit was the strongest factor affecting vitamin D levels in the blood of these 18- to 24-year-olds.

More :

http://www.post-gazette.com/news/health/2015/06/30/Vitamin-D-HIV-Penn-State-South-Africa-chocolate-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/stories/201506300025

 

In dispute over Bashir, S. Africa throwns down fresh challenge to criminal court

 

The International Criminal Court's shaky standing in Africa may have been furthered damaged by S. Africa's refusal to detain the visiting Sudanese president last week – and its move to challenge its own court for trying to prevent him from leaving.

 

Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir's plane had barely lifted off from a South African military air base earlier this month when the question first surfaced: Was this the beginning of the end for the International Criminal Court?

Mr. Bashir, after all, had arrived in the country with an ICC arrest warrant for war crimes dangling over his head. But South Africa — despite its membership in the ICC — had let him go free, the latest in a line of African countries to snub the court's attempts to prosecute the continent's most nefarious war criminals.

Then, on Monday, the South African government announced that it would bring a challenge to its own high court for attempting to prevent Bashir from leaving. The move came after the government stated last week that it was considering formally withdrawing from the ICC, a heavy blow to the international court's already-wobbling legitimacy on the continent

More :

http://news.yahoo.com/dispute-over-bashir-africa-throwns-down-fresh-challenge-175116197.html

 

African Economy: Debt On The Rise

 

Editor's note: As Greece struggles to get through its debt crisis, it is high time we had a look at the African economy. The Naij.com columnist Mawuna Koutonin says the situation with the African debt has worsened, with the IMF warning about the uncontrollable debt rise.

The views expressed in this article are author's own and do not necessarily represent the editorial policy of Naij.com.

Could a country whose debt increased by 13.4% and GDP grew by 12.7% in the same year be considered a fast-growing economy? What if the contracted debt had interest rate at 6%, would the country still be a fast-growing economy?

That is the story of Ethiopia, one of the media-heralded fast-growing African economies.

Now let's take a look at the consolidated 2010 data sets of ten African countries labelled "fastest-growing economies" by the international press.

 

READ MORE: http://www.naij.com/473679-african-economy-debt-on-the-rise.html

 

 

'Poor quality of higher education in Africa threatens AU 2063 Agenda'

 

The 2063 vision of the African Union, which focuses on building an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, an African-driven and managed by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the international arena, may be a mirage in the long run, if frantic efforts were not made to overhaul the poor quality of higher education in the continent.

This was the main thrust of a lecture delivered by Peter Okebukola, a professor and former executive secretary of National Universities Commission (NUC) at the 10th Convocation Lecture of Covenant University, Otta in Ogun state, adding that aspirations of African Union might be dashed if much emphasis were not laid on education development.

The Chairman of Crawford University's Governing Board, while undertaking surgical analysis of multiple challenges facing higher education on African continent, disclosed that Africa is one of the world's most underdeveloped continents and may remain so as against aspirations of African Union, except there were significant re-orientation of higher education system.

More :

 

http://businessdayonline.com/2015/06/poor-quality-of-higher-education-in-africa-threatens-au-2063-agenda/#.VZMKQPlViko

 

 

Education matters, but skills matter more

By James Arinaitwe30 June 2015

 

When I was 18 years old, full of ambition, zeal and energy, I graduated from high school in Kampala, Uganda, with good grades and a great command of the English language. With my gap year at hand, I combed the streets of Uganda's capital, looking for a job. After being turned down several times for not having the right skills, through a friend's mother I was finally hired at a fruit juice factory where I hauled heavy juice boxes. My strength was the only skill needed and I was thrilled to be earning a meager $1.25 a day.

Almost 90 percent of Uganda's youth aged 15-24 are literate; the country ranks No. 1 in Africa for its English literate population. That statistic pales in comparison to its painful 64 percent youth unemployment rate, a figure that is particularly alarming since young people comprise 80 percent of the population. The mismatch between Uganda's education model and employable skill sets prevents our youth from being relevant to the global market economy. For a population of 37 million, this is a genocide not only of the mind but of the country's future social, economic and political leaders.

More :

https://www.devex.com/news/education-matters-but-skills-matter-more-86427

 

South Sudan conflict: Army 'raped and torched girls'

South Sudan's army and allied militias "abducted, torched and gang-raped girls" during fighting against rebel forces, a UN report says.

Investigators found that at least 172 women and girls were abducted and subjected to sexual violence, it added.

One woman was "dragged out of her hut and gang-raped in front of her three-year old child", the report said.

The government denies its army has committed atrocities but says it will study the report.

The UN Mission in South Sudan (Unmiss) said abuses during the 18-month civil war had reached a new scale of intensity and horror in recent fighting in the oil-producing Unity State.

 

More :

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-33326869

 

Fears of new Ebola outbreak in West Africa after 17-year-old boy dies from deadly virus

FEARS of a fresh outbreak of Ebola in western Africa were growing tonight after the body of a 17-year-old boy was discovered riddled with the deadly disease.

Police in Liberia have quarantined two households following the shocking find, which comes just two months after the country was officially declared Ebola-free. 

The deadly disease has ravaged huge swathes of the African continent, killing at least 11,000 people in the process. 

Worried Liberian deputy health minister Tolbert Nyenswah confirmed tonight: "Liberia has got a re-infection of Ebola." 

He said that the teenager had been swiftly buried near his home, close to the country's international airport and around 30 miles south of the capital, Monrovia, to stop the disease spreading. 

Teams are now probing how the boy became infected, given that he lived in an area miles from Liberia's borders with Sierra Leone and Guinea, which are still battling Ebola. 

More :

http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/587894/Fears-Ebola-outbreak-West-Africa-after-17-year-old-boy-dies-deadly-virus

 

Facebook aims to srengthen link to mobile-first Africa with new office

Facebook is establishing stronger ties to Africa, opening its first office on the continent in order to tailor applications, metrics and ad formats to the needs of customers and advertisers on a continent in which many users only use mobile devices to connect to the Internet.

Based in Johannesburg, South Africa, the office will focus on working out partnerships with governments, telecom companies and other major players initially in anchor countries in the major regions of sub-Saharan Africa: Kenya (East Africa), Nigeria (West Africa), and South Africa (Southern Africa). Other countries to be supported include Senegal, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, Mozambique and Ethiopia.

The company wants to deliver localized solutions to advertisers and its active user population in Africa, which according to Facebook, has grown by 20 percent to 120 million users today from 100 million last September. More than 80 percent of users in Africa access Facebook from their mobile phones.

More :

http://www.cio.com/article/2941973/facebook-aims-to-srengthen-link-to-mobilefirst-africa-with-new-office.html

 

The role of ICT in citizen and government engagements in East Africa

iHub Research, today presented a report on a study they undertook in 2014 to assess how ICT tools are being used, for and in various aspects of governance in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. This study, with an aim to bridge the research and insights gap on ICT use in East Africa, sought to answer the following:

·         Which ICT tools are used in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania addressing these four aspects of governance,

o    Access to information

o    Service delivery

o    Tracking corruption

o    Citizen participation

More :

http://pctechmag.com/2015/06/the-role-of-ict-in-citizen-and-government-engagements-in-east-africa/

 

South Sudan army raped, burnt girls alive - UN report

Rights investigators from the UN mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) warned of "widespread human rights abuses" including gang-rape and torture in a report based on 115 victims and eyewitnesses from the northern battleground state of Unity, scene of some of the heaviest recent fighting in the 18-month-long civil war.

The military, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), launched a major offensive against rebel forces in April, with fierce fighting in Unity state's northern Mayom district, once a key oil producing area.

"Survivors of these attacks reported that SPLA and allied militias from Mayom county carried out a campaign against the local population that killed civilians, looted and destroyed villages and displaced over 100 000 people," the UN said.

"Some of the most disturbing allegations compiled by UNMISS human rights officers focused on the abduction and sexual abuse of women and girls, some of whom were reportedly burnt alive in their dwellings."

Investigators said they had collected at least nine separate incidents where "women and girls were burnt in tukuls [huts] after being gang-raped" as well as scores of cases of sexual violence, many the rape of mothers in front of their children.

http://mg.co.za/article/2015-06-30-south-sudan-army-raped-burnt-girls-alive-un-report

 

Kenya school forcing Muslim girls to attend church

 

Muslim leaders have expressed their outrage and will raise issue with education minister after t Muslim students at a girls' high school were being forced to attend Christian church services or face expulsion

World Bulletin / News Desk

Muslim leaders in Kenya have voiced outrage over reports that Muslim students at a girls' high school in Mombasa County were being forced to attend Christian church services or face expulsion.

Muslim students at the Bura High School for Girls say they were forced to attend Christian church services, an infringement on their constitutional right to freedom of worship. 

Abdulswamad Nassir, an MP for the constituency in which the school is located, said he had received several reports to this effect from concerned parents. 

"Parents and schoolchildren have visited my office to protest," Nassir said. "They have explained to me how they were being deprived of their [religious] rights." 

 

More :

 

http://www.worldbulletin.net/world/161488/kenya-school-forcing-muslim-girls-to-attend-church

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Posted by: Africa Realities <africarealities@gmail.com>
Reply via web post Reply to sender Reply to group Start a New Topic Messages in this topic (1)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish.
I have loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore I die in exile.
The price good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.
When the white man came we had the land and they had the bibles; now they have the land and we have the bibles.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Voice of the Poor, the Weak and Powerless.

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RE: [AfricaRealities.com] Fw: [uRwanda_rwacu] In Focus: Rwanda's problem is not about Hutu and Tutsi but lack of freedom and democracy.

 

Lies Rwanda  problem is Tutsi  versus Hutu,  it covers  all  countries  of central Africa.
thank you


To: africarealities@yahoogroups.com
From: AfricaRealities@yahoogroups.com
Date: Mon, 29 Jun 2015 18:50:39 +0000
Subject: [AfricaRealities.com] Fw: [uRwanda_rwacu] In Focus: Rwanda's problem is not about Hutu and Tutsi but lack of freedom and democracy.

 


Subject: [uRwanda_rwacu] In Focus: Rwanda's problem is not about Hutu and Tutsi but lack of freedom and democracy.

 

In Focus: Rwanda's problem is not about Hutu and Tutsi but lack of freedom and democracy

  • June 29, 2015 15:58 BST
20 years after Rwanda genocide
Embed Feed
The Rwandan government has condemned the arrest of its intelligence chief Karenzi Karake, who is accused of having committed war crimes during the 1994 Rwanda genocide.
Karake, a member of paramilitary organisation and now Rwanda's ruling party, Rwandan Patriotic Front, was arrested in London earlier in June and was granted a conditional bail by the Westminster Magistrates court.

Rwandan Patriotic Front

The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) was formed in 1987 by Tutsi refugees who had fled along with their families to Uganda due to ethnic violence.
In 1990, RPF's armed wing, Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), invaded Rwanda and fought against troops loyal to President Juvénal Habyarimana, triggering the Rwanda civil war.
RPA's leader, Fred Gisa Rwigyema, was killed shortly after prompting the RPA to retreat and regroup under Paul Kagame. The warring sides engaged in peace negotiations and reached a ceasefire, which was broken when Habyarimana died in a plane crash on 6 April 1994, leading to suspicions that he had been killed by the Tutsi.
The death of the president sparked the genocide, during which the RPF fought against Hutu extremists and those loyal to the interim government, which had ordered the killing of the Tutsi.
The RPF took control of the country in July 1994 and Pasteur Bizimungu became president. He stayed in power until 2000, when he was succeeded by Kagame.
The role of RPF during the genocide is controversial. The group defeated Hutu extremists who were carrying out the genocide, but it has also been accused of killing, sometimes indiscriminately, Hutus and Tutsi.
In 2008 he was indicted by a Spanish judge who alleged that the 54-year-old ordered political assassinations and massacres between 1994 and 1997.
report by Human Rights Watch also accused Unamid (African Union – UN Mission in Darfur) troops under the leadership of Karake of killing an estimated 760 civilians in the Congolese town Kisangani while fighting Ugandan soldiers in 2000. He is also accused of ordering the killing of three medics from the NGO Médicos del Mundo.
The Rwandan government said the UK treated Karake as an "illegal immigrant".
President Paul Kagame said in a statement: "They must have mistaken him for an illegal immigrant. The way they treat illegal immigrants is the way they treat all of us," he said in a statement.
"Black people have become targets for shooting practice. It is history repeating itself in a different form. It is a continuation of slavery, of colonialism, of violence and bigotry. We cannot accept that people treat us this way just because they can."
IBTimes UK spoke with human rights activists David Himbara (who worked as Kagame's principal private secretary from 2002 to 2006) and Rene Mugenzi, about the spy chief's arrest and the state of democracy in Rwanda

Democracy in Rwanda

Nearly 4 million people are believed to have signed a petition demanding Kagame run for a third term in the 2017 election.
Reports have alleged that many Rwandans have been forced to sign the petition and that restrictions of freedom and persecution of political opponents are escalating in the country.
The NGO Reporters without Borders said that Rwanda's decision to indefinitely ban the BBC in the country is part of a plan to crackdown on media in the run up to the 2017 election.
The BBC was banned following a controversial documentary alleging that Rwanda's ruling party, Rwandan Patriotic Front, committed war crimes during the 1994 Rwanda genocide.
More In Focus videos
In a previous interview with IBTimes UK, RPF Vice President Christophe Bazivamo said: "I think it is not possible to force 3.6 million people to sign a petition. People who have signed were actually happy to do so. It's not possible to force people to sign and to also make them happy.
"The population signed the petition because of facts. We achieved goals when it comes to child and maternal mortality. When it comes to security and social economic development, from 1994 until now, the situation has improved.
"Why do people think negatively when it comes to Rwanda? People should come and see and discuss with the population face-to-face to discover which is the real situation.
"The population is happy with what has been done. It is not about thinking, I am a witness and I know what is happening here."
Rwandan genocide memorial skullsRows of the skulls of victims of the Rwanda genocide of 1994(Getty)

Rwanda genocide

Tensions between Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups started with the Belgian colonisation in 1922. The colonisers supported the Tutsi political power and exacerbated ethnic differences between Hutu and Tutsi by introducing the compulsory use of identity cards.
More about Rwanda genocide
After a Hutu revolution led to the 1962 declaration of independence and the establishment of the Rwanda republic, led by the MDR-Parmehutu, the country was rocked by sporadic violence between the Hutu government and Tutsi rebels.
In 1990 the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF), formed by Tutsi refugees who had fled along with their families to Uganda due to ethnic violence in the previous years, invaded Rwanda, starting the Rwanda civil war.
The conflict lasted until 1994, when the genocide against the Tutsi was sparked after suspicions spread that the Tutsi had carried out an attack against the then Hutu president Juvénal Habyarimana, who died together with Burundi's President Cyprien Ntaryamira in a plane crash on 6 April 1994.
It is estimated that between 800,000 and 1 million people, including women and children, were killed in the three months from 6 April to 15 July 1994.


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-“The enemies of Freedom do not argue ; they shout and they shoot.”

The principal key root causes that lead to the Rwandan genocide of 1994 that affected all Rwandan ethnic groups were:

1)The majority Hutu community’s fear of the return of the discriminatory monarchy system that was practiced by the minority Tutsi community against the enslaved majority Hutu community for about 500 years

2)The Hutu community’s fear of Kagame’s guerrilla that committed massacres in the North of the country and other parts of the countries including assassinations of Rwandan politicians.

3) The Rwandan people felt abandoned by the international community ( who was believed to support Kagame’s guerrilla) and then decided to defend themselves with whatever means they had against the advance of Kagame’ guerrilla supported by Ugandan, Tanzanian and Ethiopian armies and other Western powers.

-“The enemies of Freedom do not argue ; they shout and they shoot.”

-“The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish.”

-“The price good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.”

-“I have loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore I die in exile.”

The Rwanda war of 1990-1994 had multiple dimensions.

The Rwanda war of 1990-1994 had multiple dimensions. Among Kagame’s rebels who were fighting against the Rwandan government, there were foreigners, mainly Ugandan fighters who were hired to kill and rape innocent Rwandan people in Rwanda and refugees in DRC.

READ MORE RECENT NEWS AND OPINIONS

SUMMARY : THE TRAGIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE BRITISH BUDGET SUPPORT AND GEO-STRATEGIC AMBITIONS

United Kingdom's Proxy Wars in Africa: The Case of Rwanda and DR Congo:

The Rwandan genocide and 6,000,000 Congolese and Hutu refugees killed are the culminating point of a long UK’s battle to expand their influence to the African Great Lakes Region. UK supported Kagame’s guerrilla war by providing military support and money. The UK refused to intervene in Rwanda during the genocide to allow Kagame to take power by military means that triggered the genocide. Kagame’s fighters and their families were on the Ugandan payroll paid by UK budget support.


· 4 Heads of State assassinated in the francophone African Great Lakes Region.
· 2,000,000 people died in Hutu and Tutsi genocides in Rwanda, Burundi and RD.Congo.
· 600,000 Hutu refugees killed in R.D.Congo, Uganda, Central African Republic and Rep of Congo.
· 6,000,000 Congolese dead.
· 8,000,000 internal displaced people in Rwanda, Burundi and DR. Congo.
· 500,000 permanent Rwandan and Burundian Hutu refugees, and Congolese refugees around the world.
· English language expansion to Rwanda to replace the French language.
· 20,000 Kagame’s fighters paid salaries from the British Budget Support from 1986 to present.
· £500,000 of British taxpayer’s money paid, so far, to Kagame and his cronies through the budget support, SWAPs, Tutsi-dominated parliament, consultancy, British and Tutsi-owned NGOs.
· Kagame has paid back the British aid received to invade Rwanda and to strengthen his political power by joining the East African Community together with Burundi, joining the Commonwealth, imposing the English Language to Rwandans to replace the French language; helping the British to establish businesses and to access to jobs in Rwanda, and to exploit minerals in D.R.Congo.



Thousands of Hutu murdered by Kagame inside Rwanda, e.g. Kibeho massacres

Thousands of Hutu murdered by Kagame inside Rwanda, e.g. Kibeho massacres
Kagame killed 200,000 Hutus from all regions of the country, the elderly and children who were left by their relatives, the disabled were burned alive. Other thousands of people were killed in several camps of displaced persons including Kibeho camp. All these war crimes remain unpunished.The British news reporters were accompanying Kagame’s fighters on day-by-day basis and witnessed these massacres, but they never reported on this.

Download Documents from Amnesty International

25,000 Hutu bodies floated down River Akagera into Lake Victoria in Uganda.

25,000  Hutu bodies  floated down River Akagera into Lake Victoria in Uganda.
The British irrational, extremist, partisan,biased, one-sided media and politicians have disregarded Kagame war crimes e.g. the Kibeho camp massacres, massacres of innocents Hutu refugees in DR. Congo. The British media have been supporting Kagame since he invaded Rwanda by organising the propaganda against the French over the Rwandan genocide, suppressing the truth about the genocide and promoting the impunity of Kagame and his cronies in the African Great Lakes Region. For the British, Rwanda does not need democracy, Rwanda is the African Israel; and Kagame and his guerilla fighters are heroes.The extremist British news reporters including Fergal Keane, Chris Simpson, Chris McGreal, Mark Doyle, etc. continue to hate the Hutus communities and to polarise the Rwandan society.

Kagame political ambitions triggered the genocide.

Kagame  political  ambitions triggered the genocide.
Kagame’s guerrilla war was aimed at accessing to power at any cost. He rejected all attempts and advice that could stop his military adventures including the cease-fire, political negotiations and cohabitation, and UN peacekeeping interventions. He ignored all warnings that could have helped him to manage the war without tragic consequences. Either you supported Kagame’ s wars and you are now his friend, or you were against his wars and you are his enemy. Therefore, Kagame as the Rwandan strong man now, you have to apologise to him for having been against his war and condemned his war crimes, or accept to be labelled as having been involved in the genocide. All key Kagame’s fighters who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity are the ones who hold key positions in Rwandan army and government for the last 15 years. They continue to be supported and advised by the British including Tony Blair, Andrew Mitchell MP, and the British army senior officials.

Aid that kills: The British Budget Support financed Museveni and Kagame’s wars in Rwanda and DRC.

Aid that kills: The British Budget Support  financed Museveni and Kagame’s wars in Rwanda and DRC.
Genocide propaganda and fabrications are used by the so-called British scholars, news reporters and investigative journalists to promote their CVs and to get income out of the genocide through the selling of their books, providing testimonies against the French, access to consultancy contracts from the UN and Kagame, and participation in conferences and lectures in Rwanda, UK and internationally about genocide. Genocide propaganda has become a lucrative business for Kagame and the British. Anyone who condemned or did not support Kagame’s war is now in jail in Rwanda under the gacaca courts system suuported by British tax payer's money, or his/she is on arrest warrant if he/she managed to flee the Kagame’s regime. Others have fled the country and are still fleeing now. Many others Rwandans are being persecuted in their own country. Kagame is waiting indefinitely for the apologies from other players who warn him or who wanted to help to ensure that political negotiations take place between Kagame and the former government he was fighting against. Britain continues to supply foreign aid to Kagame and his cronies with media reports highlighting economic successes of Rwanda. Such reports are flawed and are aimed at misleading the British public to justify the use of British taxpayers’ money. Kagame and his cronies continue to milk British taxpayers’ money under the British budget support. This started from 1986 through the British budget support to Uganda until now.

Dictator Kagame: No remorse for his unwise actions and ambitions that led to the Rwandan genocide.

Dictator Kagame: No remorse for his unwise actions and ambitions that led to the  Rwandan genocide.
No apologies yet to the Rwandan people. The assassination of President Juvenal Habyarimana by Kagame was the only gateway for Kagame to access power in Rwanda. The British media, politicians, and the so-called British scholars took the role of obstructing the search for the truth and justice; and of denying this assassination on behalf of General Kagame. General Paul Kagame has been obliging the whole world to apologise for his mistakes and war crimes. The UK’s way to apologise has been pumping massive aid into Rwanda's crony government and parliement; and supporting Kagame though media campaigns.

Fanatical, partisan, suspicious, childish and fawning relations between UK and Kagame

Fanatical, partisan, suspicious, childish and fawning relations between UK and Kagame
Kagame receives the British massive aid through the budget support, British excessive consultancy, sector wide programmes, the Tutsi-dominated parliament, British and Tutsi-owned NGOs; for political, economic and English language expansion to Rwanda. The British aid to Rwanda is not for all Rwandans. It is for Kagame himself and his Tutsi cronies.

Paul Kagame' actvities as former rebel

Africa

UN News Centre - Africa

The Africa Report - Latest

IRIN - Great Lakes

This blog reports the crimes that remain unpunished and the impunity that has generated a continuous cycle of massacres in many parts of Africa. In many cases, the perpetrators of the crimes seem to have acted in the knowledge that they would not be held to account for their actions.

The need to fight this impunity has become even clearer with the massacres and genocide in many parts of Africa and beyond.

The blog also addresses issues such as Rwanda War Crimes, Rwandan Refugee massacres in Dr Congo, genocide, African leaders’ war crimes and crimes against humanity, Africa war criminals, Africa crimes against humanity, Africa Justice.

-The British relentless and long running battle to become the sole player and gain new grounds of influence in the francophone African Great Lakes Region has led to the expulsion of other traditional players from the region, or strained diplomatic relations between the countries of the region and their traditional friends. These new tensions are even encouraged by the British using a variety of political and economic manoeuvres.

-General Kagame has been echoing the British advice that Rwanda does not need any loan or aid from Rwandan traditional development partners, meaning that British aid is enough to solve all Rwandan problems.

-The British obsession for the English Language expansion has become a tyranny that has led to genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, dictatorial regimes, human rights violations, mass killings, destruction of families, communities and cultures, permanent refugees and displaced persons in the African Great Lakes region.


- Rwanda, a country that is run by a corrupt clique of minority-tutsi is governed with institutional discrmination, human rights violations, dictatorship, authoritarianism and autocracy, as everybody would expect.